Tag Archives: micmac indians

Shape-Changers in “I Don’t Think It’s That Simple” by Nicole Eva Fraser

"I Don't Think It's That Simple" is forthcoming in February 2015 from Second Wind Publishing

“I Don’t Think It’s That Simple” is forthcoming in February 2015 from Second Wind Publishing

“The six worlds are a universe of Shape-Changers. Micmac stories emphasize this over and over…


The tricky thing about Shape-Changers
is that not only do they change their forms,
they also change their minds.


Thus in stories there are no Good Persons, the Heroes; there are no Bad Persons, eternally Villains…”


Ruth Holmes Whitehead, Stories from the Six Worlds: Micmac Legends


The most fascinating, relatable, and authentic characters are Shape-Changers: the ones who sometimes are Good Persons and sometimes Bad Persons—just like you and me.

My Micmac Indian ancestors knew this truth about human nature. They populated their myths and legends with Shape-Changers who may flip from Villain to Hero just when you’ve pigeonholed them, when you think you’ve got them figured out. The Micmac stories are mirrors for us all.

In I Don’t Think It’s That Simple, forthcoming from Second Wind in February 2015, the Shape-Changing characters are my deliberate choice, as well as the reflection of my Micmac heritage. See what you think in this sneak peek.

Here’s the book description for I Don’t Think It’s That Simple:

Do you think Evan Leighton is a stalker—or a good guy looking for love in all the wrong places? And how about Julia Atwater—is she an innocent flirt or a shameless manipulator? The one sure thing is that they both love Julia’s teenage son Hunter—then a surreal accident changes the course of all their futures. Evan and Julia may touch your heart, they may frustrate or infuriate you, but you’re guaranteed to recognize someone you care about—even yourself—in their story.

 …and this is the opening scene:

I was standing alone at my kitchen sink with a bottle of Heineken and my thoughts and my view of the Indiana sky, remembering the story, silently, for myself.

The very first thing was Hunter saying, “Here’s my house—yeah, this one. Thanks for the ride, Coach.” Then he jumped out of my silver ’72 Corvette and started walking up the driveway, bouncing his basketball. I watched him go: long seventeen-year-old legs, neck burned brown on summer courts, his confidence unpretentious. Reminds me of me.

Hunter had played basketball for me two years already, starting as a freshman. Now he was a junior and I had him in AP English, too.

I had just turned forty-one. In my years of teaching and coaching I’d met thousands of kids, many of them exceptional, but Hunter was more than just a good kid—he was a missing piece, a missing person, he was history that had long ago slipped through my fingers but was now, somehow, restored.

“Hey, I should meet your mom and dad finally—gotta start talking about college! Tell them we should set something up,” I called from the car, top down for the warm afternoon.

“Okay,” Hunter called back, and disappeared behind the house.

It was late September and sunny. It was Indian summer and a few leaves were falling, some withered brown, some crimson and orange, falling around my car as I drove away, dreams that had fallen from grace, catching the hope of an updraft briefly, then falling back to earth, drifting, sailing, falling back to earth.

The suburban rush-hour roads were humming with traffic. At some point I glanced over my shoulder to change lanes and saw that Hunter had forgotten his book bag behind the seat. Kid’s got basketball on his mind. Nothing wrong with that. I slowed down, turned around on a side street. Hope I can find his house again. I was in no hurry to get home to dinner for one, quiet hanging in the air, English compositions to grade, phone calls and basketball game tapes to fill the empty spaces.

I parked in Hunter’s driveway and reached around for the book bag. Whoa, tonnage here. The bag was half unzipped and I looked inside. Trigonometry, physics, history, the latest Sports Illustrated, a smashed bag of potato chips.

Reminds me of me.

I zipped the book bag shut and carried it up the stone path to Hunter’s front door. Big brick house, lots of flowers in the garden. Heard muffled rock and roll coming from inside.

I rang the doorbell but nobody came. Looking through the window in the front door, I saw flowers in a vase on a table, pictures in frames dotting a tall bookshelf, and a big brown mutt asleep on a rug—not much of a watchdog. So I backtracked along the stone path and headed up the driveway, book bag slung on my shoulder.

Around back, muffled music, louder, was drifting out from a window upstairs. First I thought about knocking on the screen door. Then I took a few steps backward in the driveway and looked up toward the window.

“Hey, Hunter!” I shouted. “Hey, Hunter, it’s Coach Leighton! You left your book bag in my car—here it is!”

I remembered the first time I heard her voice, voice like rain and sunlight: “I don’t think he can hear you,” I heard this voice say. I turned around and saw a tree house in a big old oak. The branches waved and rustled, and the tree house swayed.

“Hello?” I said.

Then the voice of rain and sunlight swung down from the tree.

She was dark blonde hair, dark eyes, ponytail, swimsuit top, tiny cutoffs colored like a piece of sky. She said, “I’m Julia. Hunter’s mom.” That was when I understood everything that had ever happened to me and when almost none of it mattered anymore. Forget bad karma, unanswered prayers, a silent waiting room in a stainless steel clinic. Forget solitude, cold winters, empty promises, empty soul. Forget summa cum laude, teacher of the year, state championship trophies, glory.

“I’m Evan Leighton,” I said, somehow.

“Evan,” Julia said. She lifted one hand to fiddle with her earring, and a ray of sun lit up her wedding band, bounced off the ring and hit my heart like lightning—but even then I knew that wouldn’t stop me.


“Reunion: Return to Dar Es Salaam” returns in November with Part 3: Arriving and Exploring.

Nicole Eva Fraser is the author of The Hardest Thing in This World, released by Second Wind Publishing in October 2013, and I Don’t Think It’s That Simple, forthcoming in February 2015. Her current project is Quotable Women


Filed under writing

Memory, Myth and Moving On (The Power of Family Stories) by Nicole Eva Fraser

005-05-14 Photo for Memory, Myth and Moving On - 2W BlogSome names have been changed for this essay.

One year, along about 1962, my Grandma and Grandpa Cathcart left high-society Boston for early retirement in the cultured wilderness of Ogunquit, on the southern Maine coast. And there with my maternal grandparents, I spent some summer and winter vacations in the 1960s, away from my parents and brothers—the family I longed to escape.

Whatever the season, we were early risers. Grandpa Cathcart would pour coffee beans in the grinder every morning about six. I would sit at the little oak table by the kitchen window, waiting for Jacques to appear for breakfast.

Jacques was the world’s most arrogant dog, a chocolate poodle who ruled the household. He expected kowtowing and sulked when things didn’t go his way. He was also ungrateful and leaped at any chance to escape from the house. In spite of his character flaws I coveted Jacques, although he didn’t return my affection in equal measure.

After breakfast I’d ride along with Grandpa from Pine Hill Road to the town square—Tower Drug to buy the paper, the post office to pick up the mail. Then we’d drive down to Ogunquit Beach to see if the tide was in or out.

Winter days in Ogunquit were too cold for me to play outside. Instead I would listen to records from Grandma Cathcart’s small collection of classical music, especially Peter and the Wolf, the narration of which I eventually could have performed in my sleep. I was a precocious reader and perused books from my grandparents’ well-stocked shelves—O. Henry, Dickens, books on antiques, Chinese art, and criminal law (Grandpa was a retired attorney).

I’d watch Grandma prepare three fancy meals a day. She set the table elaborately each time. I was allowed to watch her work, but she didn’t want help.

At breakfast, lunch, and dinner, Jacques would sneak under the linen tablecloth when Grandma was out of the dining room and lay his pitiful, starving nose on my thigh. I always slipped him a nibble. Grandpa ended our meals, without exception, with a colossal open-mouthed “BUURRRP!” purely for my entertainment, to which Grandma unfailingly responded, “Francis!”

We never turned the television on except in the evenings when Grandma Cathcart watched the national news and sometimes the dreadful Wall Street Week; Grandpa would vanish to take Jacques for his nightly walk. My grandparents went to bed promptly at 7:45 pm and since I was afraid to stay up late by myself in the pitch-dark seaside woods of Maine, I went to bed then, too.

Summer vacations brought the added bonus of swimming at Ogunquit Beach. My grandparents did not own swimsuits and never entered the water, but one of them would drive me to the beach and lifeguard me from a folding chair. I would race into the salty, frigid water, ride the waves, frolic till numb, then run out and roll in the velvety hot sand to warm up.

Summer nights on Pine Hill Road brought crickets so loud and beautiful they drowned out all my painful thoughts of home and lulled me into sweet dreamy sleep. Long after my last childhood vacation there, I kept the Ogunquit myth alive in my imagination, to sustain me through traumas and remind me who I really was.


We all need what Joseph Campbell called “myths to live by” because the power of our imaginations gives depth and meaning and even some magic to our existence. Our childhood memories become the family myths that give substance to our past and connect us to the future, as we tell and retell those stories to our own children.

With modern families scattered to the four winds, we’ve lost some of our everyday touchstones, and need our myths and memories even more. How else will we be able to reflect on who we are and how we got this way? How else will our children get a vivid picture of the far-flung relatives who would otherwise be holiday visitors without a history?

There is a “but.” We must be prepared for our family myths to unravel, or even be shattered—and we must be resiliently imaginative enough to create new ones.


In an essay rich with irony, writer Gregory Curtis defends the happy-family myth portrayed in the classic Ozzie and Harriet television series—while simultaneously exposing the anti-myths of Ozzie and Harriet Nelson’s real lives. Listing the Nelson family sufferings (ugly rumors, a tragic accident, legal battles, liver cancer, emotional breakdown), Curtis implies that family myth is important but family reality is inescapable, and that they are intertwined.

Grandpa and Grandma Cathcart’s family reality includes cruel prejudice, disownments, and a lifetime of lies.

In Boston in the 1920s and 1930s, they managed to hide their respective Indian heritages and rose to the city’s high society (click here for that story).

Grandma’s maternal lineage was the despised Canadian Micmac Indian tribe, whom French settlers had converted to Catholicism. To distance themselves from Boston’s Irish Catholics—another despised group at the time—my grandparents became Episcopalians and joined the famed King’s Chapel.

In the 1940s, Grandma Cathcart exploded with nouveau riche-Protestant rage at her only son, my Uncle Frank—a wounded World War II hero—because he defied her orders and married an Irish Catholic nurse from a poor family. (Uncle Frank and Aunt Rosemary, now in their 80s, are married to this day.)

Grandma subsequently eradicated all evidence—photos, letters, commendations, keepsakes—proving that Uncle Frank had ever lived. More than dead to her, it was as if he had never been born.

My grandfather mutely, inexplicably accepted what Grandma decreed.

And my grandparents’ life from the mid-1940s onward was based on the lie that Uncle Frank had never existed.

In my adolescence I discovered the truth about what Grandma Cathcart had done. In the late 1970s, I became the first person ever to confront her about the vile way she had treated my uncle (yes, it is incomprehensible that I was the first, thirty-five years after the fact,).

Grandma Cathcart and I were on a front porch when I confronted her. Her first response to my words was stone-cold shock, followed by venomous insults—then she spied the porch broom nearby. Grabbing the large broom at the base of its handle, she swiftly swung it high and took aim to crack me over the skull.

My grandmother was a strong, tall woman but I raised my arms to protect my head and managed to wrestle the broom away from her. Craftily she started screaming, “She’s trying to kill me! Help! She’s trying to kill me!” and ran into the house, leaving me holding the broom. Fortunately, a next-door neighbor witnessed the entire scene and confirmed the truth of what actually had happened.

One year of mutual silence later, I wrote Grandma a letter in which I apologized for upsetting her (but not for speaking my truth). She bestowed a brief letter of “forgiveness” on me, but told the rest of our family that I was a miscreant and had been disowned.


I accepted the unfortunate reality about my grandparents because I had to. Inevitably that reality permeated my Ogunquit myth and showed me how much of the happiness of those times had been illusory.

Yet family myths are a key to self-knowledge, revealing what’s important to us as individuals. My Ogunquit myth revealed my yearning for a close family, and my fondness for the simple routines that add soulfulness to days and memories. It connected me to the magic of ocean, woods, and wilderness—magic that still defines me.

Unfortunately, as I got older, the reality of Grandma Cathcart’s disownment of Uncle Frank and me tainted and taunted the once-happy memories I clung to. Adding to the pain, my grandfather—as ever the mute follower—never contacted me again either.

When I turned forty, over twenty years after Grandma’s attack on me, a relative suggested we visit her. At that point she was a ninety-five-year-old widow living in an exclusive retirement home in New England.

At first I was afraid and didn’t want to go. But my relative felt confident that, after all these years and in the twilight of her life, Grandma would be glad to see me. And secretly I longed for the magical reconciliation that would make me forget the ugly truths about her so I could cling to my childhood myth in peace.

My relative drove us to the nursing home. We walked across the stately grounds. Entered the gleaming hardwood lobby. Proceeded down an elegantly carpeted hall to Grandma Cathcart’s room.

Upon seeing me for the first time in twenty-plus years, her first words (and the only words I stayed for) were the snarling “Oh, here’s the one who tried to kill me!”

At Grandma’s savage dismissal, my heart shrank with the chill of death—the final death of my Ogunquit myth. But it didn’t matter anymore. I really had needed to move on for a long time.

Nicole Eva Fraser is the author of The Hardest Thing in This World, released by Second Wind Publishing in October 2013.


Filed under writing

Ghosts of my past and present – by Nicole Eva Fraser

Mikmaq womenWhen I was in my thirties, I discovered major secrets on my mother’s side of the family: she was Pennsylvania Shawnee a hundred years back on her father’s side, which was forgivable—but her maternal great-grandmother and many other female relatives were full-blooded Micmac Indians from Canada. My mother’s disowned brother was the rebel who had hunted down this truth.

Having Micmac blood was kept a family secret because, in early 20th-century Boston, Micmacs were considered contemptible, inferior creatures, similar to the low-caste untouchables of India.

My mother’s parents were social and professional climbers who benefited from the Scottish heritage that lightened their hair and skin. Their Indian blood, however, explained the fierce eyes, the broad foreheads and faces, the silent endurance and the melancholy that persisted through the generations to me.

My mother’s mother’s side of the family descended from Scottish Highland troops, who came to Atlantic Canada around 1800, and their Micmac Indian wives. The women were native to the region that became Campbellton, New Brunswick, across the Restigouche River from Québec.

Those original Scots settlers married Micmac women, had sons who grew up and married Micmac women, and so on. In the 1890s, some of these men packed up their wives and children and emigrated from Canada to Boston in search of better lives. The full-blooded Micmac women, my great-great grandmothers and aunts, were closeted away, and died before I was born in Boston in 1959.

Soon after learning about my hidden heritage, I found out through research that the Micmacs are a tribe with very little recorded history. The one book I uncovered is a cobbling-together of disparate historical items dating back to the 1500s—journal notes from French and Scots explorers; a few drawings and, later, photographs; Quebecois census pages; transcriptions of brief conversations with Micmac elders.

A few of those disparate pieces of history gave me an immediate sense of connection to my ancestors.

For example, the first French explorers who sailed into an Atlantic Canadian harbor in 1534 were greeted by tribesmen who ran into the water bearing gifts and calling, “Nikmaq! Nikmaq!” which means “My kin-friends! My kin-friends!” The innocence and naiveté of the Micmacs’ open hearts led ultimately to their destruction—a fractured innocence I relate to.

French explorer Chretien Le Clerc, writing around 1680 in Quebec’s Gaspe Peninsula, said, “One cannot express the tenderness and affection which the fathers and mothers have for their children. I have seen considerable presents offered to the parents in order that they might give the children to certain Frenchmen who would have taken them to France. But this would have torn their hearts, and millions would not induce them to abandon their children for a moment.” That fierce, tender, all-consuming love runs also in my veins for my sons.

And the eighteenth-century missionary priest Abbé Maillard documented the Micmacs’ affinity for rhyming metered verse: “I take care of observing measure and cadence in the delivery of my words…I affect, above all, to rhyme as they do…If I read this (language) to you myself, the rhyming talent of these people would be obvious.” I was born with a flair for rhyme and meter, a quality that led me into a surprisingly successful career writing verses for commercial products.

Beyond the connections of history, Micmac myths and legends rang true to my own difficult growing-up story.

Micmac legends are dark; nothing is as it seems; no one is as they seem; very few of the tales have happy endings. Hideous, violent beings stalk the innocent ones, and at any moment, a seeming Hero could become a Villain and vice versa, because the universe is unpredictable and unreliable.

Many of the Micmac legends are universal—they would ring true for lots of people. Tales about marriage being a dangerous partnership. Cautionary tales about the mistake of flaunting your Power. Stories about the strong bonds between siblings, and between people and animals. One story about a grief-stricken father who braves the terrors of Ghost World in a desperate attempt to bring his child back from the dead.

I could see that the universality was one reason the Micmac legends had endured.

And that was the beginning of my novel The Hardest Thing in This World. I decided to weave, with universal threads, a story about ghosts, mental illness, and family—threads that many of us share.

I wanted to write a story that whispers to the reader, This is a little bit of what it was like for me, for us. This is how I see it. 

A story that asks Do you want to know what it was like? or Was it this way for you, too?

A story that invites the reader in and says I hope you try to understand, or You belong.

Your stories matter. Your life matters. And when you’re gone, your stories remain to affirm I was here. My life had meaning.

Nicole Eva Fraser is the author of The Hardest Thing in This World, released by Second Wind Publishing in October 2013.


Filed under history